The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty … Emperors of China's Ming Dynasty, which is famous for its Treasure Fleet and for beautiful Ming vases. The Ming Dynasty is famous world-wide for its graceful blue-and-white glazed porcelains, and for the voyages of Zheng He and the Treasure Fleet. Sixteen emperors ruled over the whole of China spanning 276 years. The Ming dynasty ruled China from 1368 to 1644, succeeding the Mongol-led Yuan dynasty and falling amidst much peasant turmoil to the Manchu-ruled Qing dynasty.